KPFA Candidate quiz
KPFA Local Station Board candidates were given an open book (website) multiple choice quiz on Pacifica governance. Give it a try yourself, there's some pretty tough questions! Websites are given as research sources. This website, wbai.net, also has most of the information being referred to. The quiz itself (along with the answers) is lower down on the page below the list of participants. Some of the questions are specific to the KPFA area.
From: A. Gregory Wonderwheel [KPFA area]
For the results, questions, and correct answers in one document:
KPFA Candidate Test -- Candidates' Test Results:
This test used a multiple choice format to measure a candidate's knowledge in such areas as the new bylaws as well as the ability of the candidate to find the information (e.g., from the internet references provided). One primary purpose of the test was to educate the candidates regarding the new bylaws and some of the range of issues that delegates should be aware of regarding KPFA. In that sense every candidate who completed the test learned something and scored "100" for effort and enthusiasm as a candidate.
This test is intended to be only one of several factors a listener can use to make their choice of delegate to the KPFA Local Station Board. While these results may weigh very heavy to some, other listeners may give other factors, such as character, leadership, or diversity of skills or background, greater weight in making their ranked choice of candidates.
"0%" means for one reason or another (such as being out of California during the week the test was delivered) the candidate did not return an answer sheet by time of publication.
Name Raw Score % Score
Michael Lubin 21 100%
Robin Candace 20 95%
Brad Beltane 19 90%
Marnie Tattersall 18 86%
Magi Amma 16 76%
Bishara Costandi 15 71%
Dawn Abel 14 67%
Salathiel Bluitt 13 62%
Jane Stillwater 12 57%
No Response from the following candidates:
Howard Beeman 0%
KPFA Candidates Forum
CANDIDATE "21 QUESTIONS"
The following Candidate questions are part the Candidate Forum to be held at the Rohnert Park Public Library on Saturday, 01/17/04. The answers to the questions will be considered at the Forum. Also your answers will be graded, given to the listeners in attendance, and posted publicly. You may return your answers at any time prior to midnight on 1/17/04 via email at: wonderwheel@p... of by fax to 707-578-2184. Alternatively, you may simply bring them with you that afternoon. NOTE: You need not attend the forum to have your answers collated and posted, but if you do not return your answers by the meeting time, your score will not be placed within the final posting, and a statement that your answers were not received will be included. This is a "take-home open-book test."
Most of the answers to these questions are available on at least one
web-page at one of the following websites:
Mark the answer sheet by placing the appropriate letter next to the question number.
North Bay 4 KPFA Forum Committee members, Adrienne Lauby, Linda Edwards, Jim Curtis, Heidi Chesney, and Gregory Wonderwheel
1. When members vote in Pacifica's elections using proportional representation, the ballot is marked by:
A. Putting a check (or x) by the name of one candidate
that you support most.
2. The delegates at each Local Station Board will elect how many directors to represent that station on the board of directors?
3. Amendments to the bylaws may be proposed by:
A. Six (6) Directors;
4. If an amendment to the bylaws is proposed by a petition of the members then:
A. It must always be approved by the Board of Directors.
5. Where do internet listeners vote?
A. With the station closest to their city of residence.
6. According to the Pacifica "Unaudited Income Statement - Combined For the Twelve Months Ending September 30, 2003," what is the approximate percentage of all CPB grants funding compared to total revenue?
7. What methods have NOT been tried in the last five years to increase diversity among KPFA's listeners?
A. live broadcasts from specific communities
8. In addition to the grant money received directly from the CPB, a financial benefit of receiving CPB funding is:
A. CPB pays Pacifica's antenna use taxes.
9. What is the approximate current percentage of music programing scheduled in the 168 hour week?
10. In the essay "Theory of Listener-Sponsored Radio" by Pacifica Founder Lewis Hill, he says that KPFA's original air schedule embraced what four main categories?
A. music, creative arts, speeches and interviews, and
11. According to the "Pacifica Foundation Consolidated Budget Fy 2004" posted on Pacifica's website, the Pacifica Radio Archives will receive how much money from the Central Services transfers?
A. $ 0
12. In presiding over meetings of the National or Local Boards,
which of the following is NOT true?
13. How is the KPFA General Manager hired?
A. by the Local Station Board,
14. After being elected, approximately how long will the new KPFA Local Station Board have to select the directors who will sit on the National Board?
A. 10 days
15. With the exception of telephone meetings, all public meetings of the KPFA Local Station Board shall include public comment periods NOT less than:
A. fifteen minutes
16. Which of the following causes or events did NOT contribute to the revolt of the listeners and staff to take back governance of Pacifica?
A. unrestrained firing of staff
17. The relationship status of KFCF in Fresno to the Pacifica network is:
A. affiliate station
18. Which of the following is NOT true about the Pacifica affiliate stations program?
A. fees from affiliates contribute to the national
19. Which of the following programs is NOT formatted as a "strip program"?
20. Which of the following is NOT true about Free Speech Radio News (FSRN)?
A FSRN airs nationally on 69 community and college
21. As a Local Station Board (LSB) member, which of following duties would NOT be one of your LSB duties?
A. approve the station budget
KPFA Candidates Forum
CANDIDATE 21 QUESTIONS ANSWERS GUIDE
1. ANSWER: C. The question tests knowledge about the ranked choice voting method used in both the multi-seat Single Transferrable Vote (STV) for delegates and directors and the single-seat Instant Runoff Vote (IRV) used in election of the Staff Director or other single seat elections.
"Q. What does Choice Voting accomplish?
2. ANSWER: D. This question tests knowledge of bylaws and governance.
From Bylaws: Article Five Board of Directors of the Foundation, Section 3. Nomination and Election of Station Representative Directors:
" B. Election
3. ANSWER: D. This question tests knowledge of bylaws and amendment process.
From Bylaws, Article Seventeen, Amendment of Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws, Section 1. Amendment of Bylaws:
"A. Proposing Amendments
Amendments may be proposed by:
4. ANSWER: C. This question tests knowledge of bylaws and amendment process.
From Bylaws, Article Seventeen, Amendment of Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws, Section 1. Amendment of Bylaws:
"B. Voting and Approval [. . .]
5. ANSWER: B. This question tests knowledge of bylaws and how membership is determined.
From Bylaws, Article Three, Members of the Foundation, Section 3., Membership Affiliation by Radio Station:
"In the event that a person qualifies for membership affiliation with more than one Foundation radio station, s/he shall be entitled to only one membership and shall notify the Foundation and each applicable Foundation radio station of which radio station s/he wishes to be affiliated as a Member. "
6. ANSWER: A. This question tests the ability to read a financial report and do the math.
First, find the column titled "Twelve Month Actual Totals" (#4), then find the row titled "1.17 Grants Income-CPB/CSG," [CSG stand for Community Service Grants], and then find the cell where they intersect: the amount is $1,139,352. Second, find the same column titled "Twelve Month Actual Totals" (#4), then find the row titled "2.0 TOTAL REVENUE", and then find the cell where they intersect: the amount is $15,493,566. Third, divide the first number by the second number for the percentage of CPB grant income to total revenue: $1,139,352/ $15,493,566 = 0.0735 or 7.35%. We rounded up to approximately 8%.
7. ANSWER: B. This question tests knowledge of KPFA programming and the ability to reason.
Answer A is true: You would have to know about programming, such as
the Bayview Hunters Point Neighborhood Conference on Crime Prevention
broadcast, the Immigrant Workers Freedom Ride broadcast, etc. Asking
staff is never a bad idea when questions like this come up.
Answer B is false. Since 1999 the listener requests for a program where listeners could have direct access have increased but KPFA has never responded to having such an open access program for listeners. An example of such programming is the "Access Hour" at WORT 89.9 FM Madison, WI, where listeners can sign up to do a one hour program of that special idea they had which couldn't be done as a regular program because there is not enough hours in the schedule for everyone. http://www.wort-fm.org/schedule/access.htm
Answer C. is true: KPFA currently has bilingual programming in Spanish.
Answer D is true: The KPFA apprenticeship program has a strong
affirmative action component.
8. ANSWER: B. This question tests whether you know about the financial impacts related to the debate about whether or not Pacifica should continue to receive grants from the CPB. This question is important because the ongoing debate about CPB funding needs to be understood and grounded on facts.
Answers A and C are false because there are no such known fees involved with CPB grants.
Answer D is false because answer B is true.
Answer B is true. The best way to find this answer is to ask a staff person what the problem with losing CPB grants would be. However, the amount of music royalties that would have to be paid are usually mistaken to be much greater (often by a factor of 50 to 100 times greater) than actually required because people use the commercial royalty amounts rather than the public broadcasting royalty amounts.
The Copyright Act of 1976 (Title 17, United States Code, Sections 101- 810) in Section 118 provides for the negotiation of reasonable terms and rates of royalty payments to certain public broadcasting noncommercial stations. CPB grant recipients are "CPB qualified" and the CPB pays their annual royalty fees. The Code of Federal Regulations sets the fee rates.
If Pacifica were no longer receiving CPB grants qualifying the payment directly from CPB, then Pacifica would have to pay the reasonable fees set by the Copyright Royalty Tribunal. The current rate for Noncommercial Educational Broadcasting stations is limited by law to the following:
Title 37 Code of Federal Regulations, Section 253.6 [37CFR253.6]: "(c) Royalty rate. A public broadcasting entity within the scope of this section may perform published non-dramatic musical compositions subject to the following schedule of royalty rates: (1) For all such compositions in the repertory of ASCAP, in 2003, $460; in 2004, $475; in 2005, $495; in 2006, $515; in 2007, $535. (2) For all such compositions in the repertory of BMI, in 2003, $460; in 2004, $475; in 2005, $495; in 2006, $515; in $2007, $535. (3) For all such compositions in the repertory of SESAC, in 2003, $98; in 2004, $100; in 2005, $102; in 2006, $104; in 2007, $106. (4) For the performance of any other such compositions, in 2003 through 2007, $1."
For 2004, $475+475+100=$1,050. Therefore it appears that if Pacifica were to give up CPB grants that the recorded music royalties would cost about $1,050 annually per station plus $1.00 per performance of copyrighted material not in the repertories of ASCAP, BMI, or SESAC. The base amount would be approximately $3,150.00 annually plus the $1.00 per performance for other compositions.
The additional known cost associated with the non CPB qualified recorded music royalties is the record of use requirement: "37CFR253.6 (e) A public broadcasting entity subject to this section shall furnish to ASCAP, BMI and SESAC, upon request, a music-use report during one week of each calendar year. ASCAP, BMI and SESAC each shall not in any one calendar year request more than 5 stations to furnish such reports." In any year that a Pacifica station would be required to record the music-use for one week, then the expense of preparing the report would be added.
Nonrecorded music royalties are similarly limited to reasonable rates under the Code of Federal Regulation.
Royalty regulations at: http://www.gpoaccess.gov/cfr/retrieve.html enter title 37 Part 253 . section 6 (for recorded music) and section 7 (for concerts recording).
9. ANSWER: C. This question tests your ability to look at the program schedule, determine what kind of programs are listed, count hours, and do the math.
There are 168 hours in a week and 99 hours of music programs scheduled: 99/168 = 0.589 or 58.9%. To tell which programs are music programs the station has a list of the music programs.
10. ANSWER: C. This question tests whether you have read "The Theory of Listener-Sponsored Radio." The essay is on both the KPFA and Pacifica websites and should be "required" reading for all Pacifica delegates and directors.
The link is found starting on the KPFA home page, then use the "About
KPFA" link on the menu bar, then the "History" link on the sub-menu
bar, then the box link to "Read Lew Hill's Theory of Radio" on the
The link also is found starting on the Pacifica home page, then us the "About Us" link on the upper right corner menu, then use the link with the title "The Theory of Listener-Sponsored Radio." At: http://pacifica.org/about/lhtheory_1951.html
11. ANSWER: A. This question tests your ability to read a budget.
First, find the column titled "PRA Los Angeles" (#9), then find the row titled "CENTRAL SERVICES NATIONAL @19%", and then find the cell where they intersect: the cell is blank indicating $0.
If you then ask, "Why aren't the Pacifica Radio Archives receiving any Central Services money?" you have asked the right question and deserve a bonus points.
The link to the budgets is on http://www.pacifica.org/ at the bottom of the page.
12. ANSWER: D. This question tests your knowledge of Robert's Rules of Order and the role of a chair in presiding at meetings. Not only a chairperson but all members should be familiar with Robert's Rules of Order.
Answer A is true: "MOTIONS TO ENFORCE CORRECT PROCEDURE: The purpose of point of order is to call attention to a violation of the rules, to an omission, or to a mistake in procedure. You say: "Mr. Chairman, I rise to a point of order." If a member refuses to conduct his discussion in an orderly and courteous manner, he may be denied the right to further discussion.
"Appeal the Decision of the Chair: The purpose of the appeal is to
enable any member to have the assembly decide by vote whether the
chair''s decision should be upheld or overruled. Discussion
follows: "Those in favor of sustaining the decision of the chair
say ``Aye,'' opposed, ``No;'' the decision of the chair has
been ``sustained'' (or overruled)."
Answer B is true: This rule is often misunderstood by believing that the chair only votes to break a tie. In fact the chair can vote by secret (i.e., written) ballot at any time or to create or break a tie and to make or break a 2/3 majority or other size majority. The "small board" rule is that the chair of a small board, defined as 12 or under" may vote without a special rule. (See RONR Section 44, p. 392, line 15 on voting, and see Section 49, p. 470, beginning at line 17 on small board of 12 and under.)
Answer C is true: "While providing strong leadership [the chair or presiding officer] should be fair. He should never get excited; he should never be unjust to even the most troublesome member, or take advantage of such member's lack of knowledge of parliamentary law, even though a temporary good might be accomplished thereby." (RONR 10th p. 440, l. 5-10.)
Answer D is false: There is no such rule restricting the Chair from speaking as needed, for example to begin the meeting, to introduce the agenda, and to conduct the meeting.
Answer E is true: "At each meeting, in addition to the necessary papers proper to that meeting's business, the presiding officer should have at hand: a copy of the bylaws and other rules of the organization; a copy of its parliamentary authority...." (RONR 10th p. 435, l. 4-9.)
[You can take an online "10 Question Quiz" on parliamentary procedure at http://www.rulesonline.com/home/Quiz.htm But be aware that the free copy of Robert's Rules at this website is the older version that is now in the public domain. Most of the rules are still correct but it can't be used as an official authority because some have been amended since then.
A good website for board resources is at http://www.mapnp.org/library/boards/boards.htm ]
13. ANSWER: C. This question tests bylaws knowledge and the roles of the LSB and Executive Director in selecting the station's General Manager.
From Bylaws Article Seven, Local Station Boards, Section 3. Specific
Powers & Duties:
14. ANSWER: A. This question tests knowledge about the election information and the urgency of getting to know the fellow candidates in preparation for electing directors.
From the Elections Timeline information page:
"February 5, 2004 - "Election Close Date" -- voted ballots must be
received by the Election Supervisor by this date.
At: http://www.kpfa.org/elections/index.php?page=timeline Link to timeline is on http://election.kpfa.org/ which is linked from
15. ANSWER: B. This question tests bylaws knowledge, the public comment requirements and the difference between the Board of Directors and the LSB as a committee of the Board.
From Bylaws: Article Six, Meetings of the Board of Directors, Section
7. Open Meetings:
Article Seven, Local Station Boards Section 1. Local Station Boards"
"There shall be a standing committee of the Board of Directors for
each Foundation radio station which shall be known as the Local
Station Board ("LSB")."
16. ANSWER: B. This answer tests general knowledge of the history of the struggle for new bylaws with elected delegates under the new Pacifica Bylaws.
The resignation of Pacifica Executive Director Lynn Chadwick was not a cause or event that "contributed" to the listener protest and lawsuits but instead was caused by the listener uprising. Talking to activists is the best way to find this answer.
17. ANSWER: C. This question tests knowledge of the difference between an affiliate station and an associate station.
From Bylaws: Article Seven Local Station Boards Section 8. Associate
18. ANSWER: B. This questions tests knowledge of the Pacifica Affiliates Program.
Answer A is true: As shown on the Consolidated Budget used in Question 11 there is a revenue line titled "Affiliates - Interest". On some of the financial reports, such as the Unaudited Year End Report used in Question 6, the affiliate revenue is coded with the row title "1.11 Sales Income-PNP" where "PNP" stands for sales of Pacifica National Programing to the affiliates.
Answer C is true: from Article Five, Board of Directors of the
Foundation, Section 4. Nomination and Election of Affiliate
Answer D is true: From the conclusion to the "The Pacifica
Affiliates Report" by Ursula Ruedenberg, December 2002, in the
Pacifica website: "One thing that Pacifica can learn from this
survey is that it has a clientele that is committed to both its
programming and mission. Although Pacifica recently lost a dramatic
72% of its affiliates in two years, 58% of those were regained within
a year and others have indicated the desire to return."
19. ANSWER: C. This question tests whether you know what a "strip" program format is and if you can find the schedule or you know the programs.
A strip program is a program that is presented as a strip in the Monday to Friday schedule. Visionary activist is a one day a week program.
20. ANSWER: C. This question tests knowledge about Free Speech Radio News (FSRN).
Answers found on FSRN website. Answer A is true: "The following 69
stations are carrying Free Speech Radio News."
Answer B is true: "This money has been augmented by in-kind donations
from KPFA, WBAI, KBOO and WMNF." The in-kind donations include use of
Answer C is false: "Verna Avery-Brown (PeaceWatch Host and Producer) -
Washington Bureau Chief for Pacifica Radio."
Answer D is true: "It is owned and managed by news reporters."
21. ANSWER: B. This question tests bylaws knowledge and the role of the LSB.
From Bylaws Article Seven, Local Station Boards, Section 3. Specific Powers & Duties,
Answer A is true: Article 7, Section 3. A. "To review and approve that station's budget."
Answer B is false: The LSB doesn't directly approve programs. Article 7, Section 3. G. "To work with station management to ensure that station programming fulfills the purposes of the Foundation and is responsive to the diverse needs of the listeners (demographic) and communities (geographic) served by the station, and that station policies and procedures for making programming decisions and for program evaluation are working in a fair, collaborative and respectful manner to provide quality programming."
Answer C is true: This is a current KPFA policy and rule for the KPFA Program Council.
Answer D is true: Article 7, Section 3, J. "To actively reach out to underrepresented communities to help the station serve a diversity of all races, creeds, colors and nations, classes, genders and sexual orientations, and ages and to help build collaborative relations with organizations working for similar purposes."
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